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🇵🇸 Palestine - President Addresses General Debate, 73rd Session

Some Jordanian officials have suggested opening up to this idea. This means that the Palestinian arena could witness the birth of a new Palestinian authority, composed of new elites that are far from the familiar faces of the current Palestinian leadership. Such authority may come in accordance with several factors, including:. Second, the Palestinian parties may agree on the need to hold Palestinian legislative and presidential elections with surprising results and emergence of new figures. This opportunity may be enhanced if the new Palestinian elites are supported by some countries.

Review of Events – May 2016

Third, the leaders of Fatah, Hamas and perhaps Islamic Jihad may resort to choosing an academic elite to represent them in future elections because they feel that the Palestinian street is not convinced of the capabilities of the current Palestinian leadership. Despite the current changes, there is an international Israeli Arab desire to preserve the current Palestinian Authority, which reinforces the likelihood of the first scenario Survival of the current Palestinian Authority at least in the foreseeable future. The Palestinian Authority is also aware that if the PA is dissolved, the economy in the Palestinian territories will collapse in all sectors of health, education, communications, water and energy.

Such situation can also lead to high rates of poverty, crime and absence of law, which will increase the possibilities of the occurrence of internal Palestinian violence, as well as Palestinian-Israeli confrontations. He cared little for the Palestinian [ More … ]. July 1, Facebook Twitter Feed Pin. Despite the fact that there were several attempts to end the Palestinian division, however, they all failed at the end due to the following reasons: a Lack of trust between the two sides Fatah and Hamas , b Differences on the form of Palestinian resistance and the fate of its weapons, c Falling under regional and international pressures, which hinders the efforts of the Palestinian reconciliation, whether directly or indirectly, d The long period of Palestinian division — for more than ten years — has created a state of fear of bearing its consequences.

Third: External pressures In addition to the internal problems faced by the Palestinian Authority, there are also external problems including the absence of Arab and Islamic backing for the Palestinian cause because of their preoccupation with their intra-differences, such as the Gulf crisis. Second possibility: Existence of a disintegrated Palestinian Authority The Palestinian Authority may remain but divided and fragmented.

Review of Events – May – Question of Palestine

Second Scenario: PA dissolution First possibility: Movement of leadership outside Palestine Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas has repeatedly asked his aides to review the procedures for transferring the Palestinian authority to municipalities. Third Scenario: Birth of a new Palestinian authority First: Arab influence Israeli analyst Jackie Khoji said that the future of the leadership of the Palestinian Authority led by Mahmoud Abbas is still vague, while there are moves by Egypt, under Sisi, and Jordan, under King Abdullah, to play a bigger role in the Palestinian file after the departure of Mahmoud Abbas.

Second: A new authority This means that the Palestinian arena could witness the birth of a new Palestinian authority, composed of new elites that are far from the familiar faces of the current Palestinian leadership. Conclusion Despite the current changes, there is an international Israeli Arab desire to preserve the current Palestinian Authority, which reinforces the likelihood of the first scenario Survival of the current Palestinian Authority at least in the foreseeable future.

Print Friendly. Next Germany halts all arms exports to countries bombing Yemen. Special attention will be dedicated to this last point as the paper analyzes its repercussions on the Palestinian internal scene, affected by numerous factors among which external interventions. The paper will be divided into two main parts. The second part, will overview the struggle over succession and how the process is influenced by conflicting and intertwined factors.

In the lights of Pr. When Mahmoud Abbas, a co-founder of the Fatah Party, was elected as President of the Palestinian Authority in following the death of Yasser Arafat, many believed this simultaneously marked the end of an autocratic rule as well as the beginning of a promising era for the Palestinian-Israeli peace talks [1].

Abbas was first perceived, in opposition to his predecessor, as an intellectual, an advocate for peace, a pragmatist, a reformist, and as the ideal leader to achieve breakthroughs in the negotiations [2]. Abbas was looked upon with favor by the Americans and the Israelis due to his praised moderate stands among which: initiating a peace-dialogue with left-wing Jewish groups on the two-State solution as a basis for peace, coordinating and signing the Oslo peace accords in , denouncing the illegal possession of weapons by Palestinian groups; hence, confronting with Arafat, president of the PA back then, who was calling for a militarized Intifada [3].

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However, more than a decade of tremulous reign deluded those aspirations with Abbas reenacting the same mistakes of his predecessor, becoming increasingly authoritarian, unstable in his positions and isolated as a president [4]. Under this authoritarian shift, the main policies, strategies and measures taken by Abbas to solidify his personal power played a tremendous role in shaping the current problematic race for the presidency. In an attempt to centralize power into his own hands and prevent the rise of potential challengers, Abbas went on monopolizing all main political — security titles appointing himself concurrently leader of Fatah, leader of the Palestine Liberation Organization and president of the Palestinian authority [5] in addition to being the supreme commander of several security services.

Fourteen years of unaccountable presidency have left Palestinians disillusioned with the reign of the once mild-reformist, with the majority of the population wanting him to resign. Nonetheless, in order to restrain public dissent, the President adopted repressive legal measures and undermined the integrity of the judiciary by imprisoning citizens who dared to contest his government on online platforms [7].

The cruel attack on journalists and freedom of expression has led to a deeper alienation of the public. An additional point of popular discontent relies in the absence of young fresh actors inside the Palestinian political sphere, dominated by aging politicians making decisions behind closed doors. Dissatisfaction encompasses furthermore the politically segregated Hamas partisans who defeated Fatah in the national elections of as well as the contesting Fatah members discussed below.

Regionally, Abbas, once a moderate bureaucrat capable of reducing through diplomatic means tensions with Arab States, lost the support of most Arab regimes because of his hostile statements and opposing stands. The antagonistic statements in which Abbas refuted the Jewishness of the State of Israel, accused Jews of fabricating history, all brought out again his rebuked PhD thesis in which he allegedly exposed the secret relationship between Nazism and Zionism while questioning the accuracy of the proclaimed victims of the Holocaust.

The absence of a consensual choice intensified by unresolved internal feuds have complicated the succession process, with the eventual successor reciprocally affecting and being affected by several complex issues among which the devastating Fatah-Hamas rivalry, the growing internal discontent reflected also from within the Fatah party, and the dynamics of external policies and pressures.

One of the most prominent issues fueling the internal Palestinian feud and complicating the succession matter is the Hamas-Fatah rivalry. A once-leading political party, Fatah has been losing preeminence in favor of the Islamist fundamentalist Hamas that won the parliamentary elections, subsequently taking effective control of the Gaza Strip and generating a bloody division between the two opposing parties [14]. Palestinian Authority ministers and officials visiting the Gaza Strip were detained in their hotel by Hamas during the second week of April The group of 10 ministers and 30 government officials were sent to the Gaza Strip in order to solve the issue of Palestinian Authority employees not having been paid for months, but they were barred from leaving their hotel by Hamas militants.

The Palestinian Authority members were not able to attend their important meetings scheduled during that week, and were also not able to speak to any Palestinian civilians.

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The Palestinian Authority conducted a series of raids against Hamas members during the weekend of July 4, Hamas officials claimed that during the weekend approximately Hamas supporters and activists including some students were rounded up and detained by the Palestinian Authority in the West Bank. A spike in the number of terror attacks perpetuated by Hamas supporters during the prior month likely caused this crackdown. Israeli officials provided the Palestinian Authority with intelligence that led to at least some of these captures. Documents leaked online in August exposing corruption and misuse of funds by Palestinian Authority Leadership, sparked outrage on social media from Palestinians who are struggling economically.

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Zionist Union leader Isaac Herzog met with Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas on August 19, , and discussed the increasing violence being perpetuated by both groups. Both men agreed that they wanted to prevent a third intifada from breaking out, and resolved to fight homegrown terrorism more aggressively, as well as diplomatically.

Abbas released a statement supporting peace with Israel, although he did not speak at the press conference with Herzog after their meeting. Between September 13 and October 25, , ten Israelis were killed in lone-wolf stabbing, rock-throwing, and automotive terror attacks, and over 70 were injured. Florida Republican Ileana Ros-Lehtinen authored a Foreign Affairs Committee Resolution which was unanimously approved on October 22, , calling for Abbas and other Palestinian leaders to be held accountable for the new wave of violence.

The Palestinian Authority celebrated the opening of their embassy in Brazil on February 3, , the first Palestinian Authority embassy in the Western Hemisphere. Terrorists could access the whole governmental structure in a half an hour. Palestinian Authority Prime Minister Rami Hamdallah announced on February 9, , that his government is ready and willing to step down and allow a new national unity government to potentially take it's place. Palestinian Authority Minister of Finance Shukri Bishara confirmed rumors on February 22, , that he had been meeting with his Israeli counterpart, Moshe Kahlon , in Jerusalem to discuss an agreement to boost the Palestinian economy.

Bishara said that these meetings were being held to hash out an agreement on tax revenues that Israel collects on the Palestinian Authority's behalf. In May Norwegian Foreign Minister Borge Brende met with Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas , and during these meetings he made a point to emphasize to Abbas that aid money coming from Norway was explicitly not to be spent on paying salaries of convicted terrorists.

The British government suspended aid payments to the Palestinian Authority in September , pending an investigation into whether the aid money was ending up in the hands of terrorists. The decision to withhold a third of the aid to the PA during the fiscal year, 25 million euros, was made by the Department for International Development. It is right that Priti Patel has called for an examination of aid spending in the Occupied Palestinian Territories to ensure that every penny is spent in the right places and in the right way.

A similar agreement was signed in but the project never materialized. During many countries suspended or decreased their aid packages to the Palestinian Authority, including Saudi Arabia, the United States, the United Kingdom, and the European Union. The Palestinian Authority announced on April 6, , that they would be slashing by a third the salaries of thousands of government employees who have not been able to work since Hamas took over.


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The Palestinian Authority has continued to pay the salaries of civil servants and government employees since These salary cuts are largely due to dwindling foreign aid. The Australian government announced the suspension of all foreign aid to the Palestinian Authority on July 1, , due to the fact that the funds would likely be used to pay Palestinian terrorists and their families.

We will not apologize for it. A Palestinian official said the meeting did not go well and the request was rejected.

creatoranswers.com/modules/divorce/412.php On July 2, , the Israeli Knesset passed a bill that withholds tax transfers to the Palestinian Authority due to their funding of terrorists and their families. The bill, which aims to help end the pay-to-slay policy implemented by the Palestinian Authority, was passed in a vote of Sources: Encyclopaedia Judaica. All Rights Reserved. Rubin, Barry and J. Download our mobile app for on-the-go access to the Jewish Virtual Library. Palestine Liberation Organization. Palestinian Legislative Council. Palestinian Maps Omitting Israel. Palestinian Public Opinion Polls.

Palestinian Authority Trial. Payments to Terrorists. The Palestinian Authority Constitution.